Thursday, July 19, 2018
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anti-hypertensive medication

Music Intensifies Effects of Anti-Hypertensive Medication

In addition to remembering to take the medication prescribed by their cardiologists at the right times and going to the trouble of making healthy...
hydrolytic enzyme

Mechanisms of Hydrolytic Enzyme Production by Fungi Are Elucidated

Production of second-generation (2G) ethanol from sugarcane requires enzymatic hydrolysis, in which enzymes from microorganisms act together to break down and convert the carbohydrates...
superconductivity

Research Reveals New Aspects of Superconductivity and Correlated Phenomena

Discovered accidentally over a century ago, the phenomenon of superconductivity continues to inspire a technological revolution. In 1911, while studying the behavior of solid...
Earth’s surface

Human Activities Have Already Damaged 75% of Earth’s Surface

Less than 25% of Earth’s surface remains free from substantial impacts of human activities. The proportion is set to fall to a mere 10%...
stem cellsvideo

Index Measures Similarity Between Cancer Cells and Pluripotent Stem Cells

The theory that cancer progression involves the acquisition by tumor cells of features similar to those of stem cells has gained strength in the...
Hypercapnia

Excess CO2 in Air Intensifies Active Expiration During Sleep

Breathing consists of pulmonary ventilation via inspiration, the inhalation of air to provide oxygen, and expiration, the exhalation of spent air to remove carbon...
greenhouse gas emissions

Conversion of Pasture into Cropland Increases Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Growing global demand for renewable energy has driven the expansion of sugarcane plantations in Brazil into degraded or abandoned pasturelands. Given the importance of...
nanodevice

Thermoelectric Nanodevice Based on Majorana Fermions Is Proposed

In March 1938, the young Italian physicist Ettore Majorana disappeared mysteriously, leaving his country’s scientific community shaken. The episode remains unexplained, despite Leonardo Scascia’s...
epilepsy

Neuroimaging Techniques Help Identify Brain Alterations in Patients with Epilepsy

An international research consortium used neuroimaging techniques to analyze the brains of more than 3,800 volunteers in different countries. The largest study of its...
Bacteria and fungi

Bacteria and Fungi Play Key Roles in Social Insect Colonies

A line of worker ants returning to their nest carrying pieces of plants up to 100 times their own body weight is a scene...
zika virus

Test Detects Prior Infection by Zika Virus

A test that detects antibodies against Zika virus in samples of blood serum with high specificity – and hence a low risk of cross-reaction...
uranium

Electronic Structure of Uranium Compounds Is Revealed

The actinides are a group of 15 radioactive elements that are part of the seventh row of the periodic table. This means their atoms...
heavy metals

Pollution by Heavy Metals Reaches Remote Islands

Billions of tons of heavy metals are emitted annually by factory smokestacks and sewers. These elements are harmful to living beings and damage the...
Megafauna extinction

Megafauna Extinction Shortened Dispersal Distances of Large Seeds

Mastodons, giant sloths and armadillos the size of a VW Beetle. Megafauna extinction at the end of the last ice age was a biological...
acute viral bronchiolitis

Genetic Factors Associated with Acute Viral Bronchiolitis Are Identified

A scientific study conducted at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in São Paulo State, Brazil, has identified genetic factors associated with the severity of...
malaria

Antimicrobial Used in Toiletries Could Become Option Against Malaria

A study conducted at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in Brazil shows that triclosan, an antimicrobial compound used in soap, toothpaste, deodorant and many...
mosquito-borne disease

Climate Change Heightens Risk of Mosquito-Borne Disease Outbreaks

Rising global average temperatures due mainly to greenhouse gas emissions will contribute to increases in the distribution areas of four mosquito-borne viruses: Oropouche (OROV),...
metabolic syndrome

Study Reinforces Link Between Lack of Vitamin D and Metabolic Syndrome

Researchers at São Paulo State University’s Botucatu Medical School (FMB-UNESP) in Brazil have found a strong association between vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome...
schwarzitesvideo

Ultra-Strong Material Is Produced from a Nineteenth-Century Idea

In 1880, German mathematician Karl Hermann Amandus Schwarz (1843-1921) conceived of a type of structure with complex geometry in which the surfaces are minimal...
Amazonian Fish

New Amazonian Fish Family Discovered for First Time in 40 Years

Envision a long, thin fish with a body that vaguely resembles an eel but is shorter, as if it lacked the rear end. Add...