Friday, October 19, 2018
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autoimmune diseases

Study Advances Understanding of How Autoimmune Diseases Develop

The human immune system sometimes fails to recognize tissue and organs as healthy body parts and attacks them as if they were harmful invaders....
solar fuel

New Material Could Revolutionize Solar Fuel Generation

Following the isolation of graphene in 2004, a race began to synthesize new two-dimensional materials. 2D materials are single-layer substances with a thickness of...
bacterial nanocellulose

Pineapple Enzyme and Bacterial Nanocellulose Make a Powerful Dressing for Wounds

When added to bacterial nanocellulose, bromelain – an enzyme extracted from pineapple (Ananas comosus) that exhibits anti-inflammatory and healing effects – can be used...
Transgenic mosquito

Transgenic Mosquito Could Be Key to Combating Arboviruses

Alongside the development of vaccines, the production of genetically modified mosquitoes could become one of the most effective means of combating epidemics of dengue,...
Melatonin

Melatonin Levels Can Be Used as an Indicator of Tumor Malignity

Evaluating the capacity of tumor cells to produce the hormone melatonin could become a novel strategy for measuring degrees of malignity in some types...
prostate cancer

RNA Molecules Appear to Regulate Action of Male Hormone in Prostate...

In most cases of prostate cancer, tumor cell growth is stimulated by the action of male hormones, or androgens, such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone...
stroke mortality

Cold Fronts May Increase Stroke Mortality

With the advent of colder winter weather in the South and Southeast of Brazil, falling temperatures may be accompanied by rising numbers of deaths...
Automotive

Automotive Industry Is Undergoing Deeper Changes Than It Has for Decades

The automotive industry has undergone more profound changes recently than it has for many decades. Automakers have long been accustomed to wielding decision-making power...
Chagas disease

Study Describes Enzyme’s Key Role in Immune Response to Chagas Disease...

In an article publishedrecently in the journal Nature Communications, researchers affiliated with the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil describe the central role played by...
plant life diversity

Campo Rupestre, Brazil’s Montane Savanna, Is a Hotspot of Plant Life...

In Serra do Espinhaço, a Brazilian mountain range that extends from Minas Gerais State in the Southeast to Bahia State in the Northeast, it...
schizophrenia

Treatment Prevents Symptoms of Schizophrenia in Tests with Rats

Researchers at the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP) in Brazil have tested a treatment with sodium nitroprusside in a strain of rats that...
IoT technology

Iot Technology for Remote Forest Monitoring

Connecting forests to the internet. This was the purpose with which Treevia was born, as one of a new generation of startups that specialize...
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Model Aids Understanding of How Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Affects Neurons

Researchers at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in São Paulo State, Brazil, have developed a mathematical model for computer simulation of the alterations that...
Cystic Fibrosis

Test Promises to Diagnose Cystic Fibrosis More Accurately

Pediatricians will soon be able to use a new technique to diagnose newborns with suspected cystic fibrosis, a genetic disease that creates an imbalance...
Higgs Boson Coupling

Researchers Detect Higgs Boson Coupling with Top Quark

The much anticipated Higgs boson-top quark coupling has finally been observed in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s most powerful particle accelerator, at...
nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Biomarker for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Identified

Researchers at the University of São Paulo Medical School (FM-USP) in Brazil have identified a biological marker of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a...
Artisanal cheese

Bacteria Enhance Safety of Artisanal Cheese

Artisanal cheese produced from raw or pasteurized milk in Brazil, such as soft or cured Minas cheese, may be contaminated by disease-causing bacteria such...
Antidiabetic drug

Antidiabetic Drug Is Tested Against Head and Neck Cancer

In a study involving more than 2,000 volunteers in five hospitals in São Paulo State, Brazil, the use of metformin, one of the world’s...
alcohol

Research in Brazil Shows How a Moderate Dose of Alcohol Protects...

For at least 20 years, research has shown that for many people, moderate consumption of alcohol can protect the heart, but the reason for...
Spider protein

Spider Protein Could Cure Cancer That Is Decimating Tasmanian Devils

A protein discovered in native Brazilian spiders that live in São Paulo State could save the Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii), a species of marsupial...