Wednesday, October 17, 2018
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Water Pollution

How Drought and Other Extremes Impact Water Pollution

One in 10 Americans depends on the Colorado River for bathing and drinking. Last fall’s record-high temperatures reduced Colorado snowpack in winter 2018 to...
quantum materialsvideo

Scientists Forge Ahead with Electron Microscopy to Build Quantum Materials Atom...

A novel technique that nudges single atoms to switch places within an atomically thin material could bring scientists another step closer to realizing theoretical...
Titan’s Atmospheric Haze

Scientists Present New Clues to Cut Through the Mystery of Titan’s...

Saturn’s largest moon, Titan, is unique among all moons in our solar system for its dense and nitrogen-rich atmosphere that also contains hydrocarbons and...
Iron Superconductor

“Choosy” Electronic Correlations Dominate Metallic State of Iron Superconductor

Two families of high-temperature superconductors (HTS)—materials that can conduct electricity without energy loss at unusually high (but still quite cold) temperatures—may be more closely...
Jet fuel

PNNL and LanzaTech Team to Make New Jet Fuel

Carbon-rich pollution converted to a jet fuel will power a commercial flight for the first time today. The Virgin Atlantic Airlines' flight from Orlando...
batteries

Battery Technology Takes Flight

Not all batteries are created equal. State-of-the-art battery technology for cell phones, for instance, looks a lot different from batteries for electric cars. Similarly,...
catalyst

Single Atoms Break Carbon’s Strongest Bond

An international team of scientists including researchers at Yale University and the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new...
computer chips

The Promise of Deep Grooves

The materials synthesis method known as sequential infiltration synthesis, or SIS, has the potential to improve not only chip manufacturing but also things like hard...
Fuel Economy

Supercomputing for Better Commuting: In Pursuit of Fuel Economy, Mobility

In a project leveraging computer vision, machine learning, and sensors, Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists are working with private company GRIDSMART Technologies, Inc. to demonstrate how...
Advanced Light Sourcevideo

Toward a New Light: Advanced Light Source Upgrade Project Moves Forward

The Advanced Light Source (ALS), a scientific user facility at the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), has received federal...
climate change

By Jove! Methane’s Effects on Sunlight Vary by Region

Scientists investigating how human-induced increases in atmospheric methane also increase the amount of solar energy absorbed by that gas in our climate system have...
plant cells

How a Molecular Signal Helps Plant Cells Decide When to Make...

A study at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory identifies new details of how a sugar-signaling molecule helps regulate oil production in...
cell membrane fusion

Neutrons Produce First Direct 3D Maps of Water During Cell Membrane...

New 3D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for...
In a thin film of a solar-energy material, molecules in twin domains (modeled in left and right panels) align in opposing orientations within grain boundaries (shown by scanning electron microscopy in the center panel). Strain can change chemical segregation and may be engineered to tune photovoltaic efficiency. Credit: Stephen Jesse/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Dept. of Energy

Multimodal Imaging Shows Strain Can Drive Chemistry in a Photovoltaic Material

A unique combination of imaging tools and atomic-level simulations has allowed a team led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to...
infrared camera

Heat of the Moment

One of the largest challenges facing the 3-D printing industry is how to ensure high-quality reproducibility of parts. Without better insights into how to detect and...
tiny vortices

Study of Tiny Vortices Could Lead to New Self-Healing Materials, Other...

In the ​“Wizard of Oz” a tornado picks up Dorothy’s house and moves it far away. A bit farfetched, right? But scientists at the Department...
energy-sustainable negative emissionsvideo

Chemists Demonstrate Sustainable Approach to Carbon Dioxide Capture from Air

Chemists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a practical, energy-efficient method of capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) directly from air. They report their...
titan

Titan Speeds Inquiry into Engine Alloys That Can Take the Heat

Simulations performed on the Cray XK7 Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) filled in a knowledge gap about high-temperature–capable alloys and inspired...
Machine Learning

Machine Learning IDs Markers to Help Predict Alzheimer’s

Nearly 50 million people worldwide have Alzheimer’s disease or another form of dementia. These irreversible brain disorders slowly cause memory loss and destroy thinking...
photocathodes

Graphene Helps Protect Photocathodes for Physics Experiments

Transforming light into electricity is no mean feat. Some devices, like solar cells, use a closed circuit to generate an electric current from incoming...