Sunday, September 23, 2018
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Tag: neurons

Brain's Motor Cortex

Engineers Decode Conversations in Brain’s Motor Cortex

How does your brain talk with your arm? The body doesn’t use English, or any other spoken language. Biomedical engineers are developing methods for...
Optogenetics

Mutations, Drugs Drive Cancer by Blurring Growth Signals

Genetic mutations in a form of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may drive tumor formation by blurring cells’ perception of key growth signals, according...
nerve cells

Direct Conversion of Non-Neuronal Cells into Nerve Cells

It was already in 2012 that a team of scientists headed by Professor Benedikt Berninger first succeeded in reprogramming connective tissue cells present in...
NOTCH2NL genes

Researchers Discover Human-Specific Genes Possibly Responsible for Larger Brain

The evolution of larger brains in the last 3 million years played an important role in our ability as a species to think, problem-solve...
hyponatremia

As Harmful as Dehydration?

We are all familiar with the drawbacks of dehydration, but we rarely hear about the harmful effects of overhydration. It is known that excess...
Bandwidth

How to Use Limited Bandwidth More Efficiently? Think Like a Cave-Dwelling...

For the first time, researchers have demonstrated a light-based device that mimics a fish’s incredible jamming avoidance response (JAR) by moving the frequency of...
Leptin’s neural circuit

Leptin’s Neural Circuit Identified

Revealing surprising answers to a long-standing enigma about the brain target of the anti-obesity hormone leptin, neuroscientists at Tufts University School of Medicine have used CRISPR...
neurodegenerative diseases

A Neuron Can Cause a Domino Effect

If the sense of smell disappears, this can indicate a disease such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease. However, unlike previously assumed, general degenerations in...
Neural Circuitvideo

Mapping the Neural Circuit Governing Thirst

There are few feelings more satisfying than gulping down water when you are thirsty. But how does your brain know when you are dehydrated...
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Investigators Eye New Target for Treating Movement Disorders

Blocking a nerve-cell receptor in part of the brain that coordinates movement could improve the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, dyskinesia and other movement disorders,...
quantum

Neural Networks Take on Quantum Entanglement

Machine learning, the field that’s driving a revolution in artificial intelligence, has cemented its role in modern technology. Its tools and techniques have led...
brainvideo

Recording a Thought’s Fleeting Trip Through the Brain

UC Berkeley neuroscientists have tracked the progress of a thought through the brain, showing clearly how the prefrontal cortex at the front of the...
proteinvideo

A Virus-Like Protein Is Important for Cognition and Memory

A protein involved in cognition and storing long-term memories looks and acts like a protein from viruses. The protein, called Arc, has properties similar...
memory gene

Memory Gene Goes Viral

Two independent teams of scientists from the University of Utah and the University of Massachusetts Medical School have discovered that a gene crucial for...
West Nile virus

Memory Loss from West Nile Virus May Be Preventable

More than 10,000 people in the United States are living with memory loss and other persistent neurological problems that occur after West Nile virus...
neurodegenerative diseases

Stem Cell Researchers Develop New Method to Study Neurodegenerative Diseases in...

All stem cells are immature, and pluripotent stem cells are the most immature among them: they can give rise to all different cell types...
neurodegenerative disease

Cellular Traffic Jam Seen in ALS/FTD

A cellular traffic jam appears to affect neurons in most forms of ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), researchers at Emory University School of Medicine and...
moral dilemmas

Mirror Neuron Activity Predicts People’s Decision-Making in Moral Dilemmas, UCLA Study...

It is wartime. You and your fellow refugees are hiding from enemy soldiers, when a baby begins to cry. You cover her mouth to...
Parkinson’s disease

New Brainstem Changes Identified in Parkinson’s Disease

Experts at Newcastle and Sussex universities also revealed that surviving brain cells in the brainstem have more copies of mitochondrial DNA and this has...
Drosophila

The Sixth Taste?

Calcium is something of a double-edged sword. Too much of the essential element is as dangerous as too little, either case adversely affecting health...