Wednesday, October 17, 2018
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Tag: Neuroscience

brain’s emotion circuitry

Brain Circuits for Successful Emotional Development Established During Infancy

Researchers in the UNC Early Brain Development Study tracking the development of the brain’s emotion circuitry in infancy found that adult-like functional brain connections...
Anesthesia

To Improve Anesthesia, Focus on Neuroscience and Nociception, Experts Urge

People sometimes mistakenly think of general anesthesia as just a really deep sleep, but in fact, anesthesia is really four brain states — unconsciousness,...
Mononuclear phagocytes

Two for the Price of One

Mononuclear phagocytes can both promote and inhibit inflammation. An LMU team has now shown that individual phagocytes in the central nervous system can play...
Brain Cells

Innovative Technique Reveals ‘Core Identities’ of Brain Cells

The human brain is made up of about 170 billion cells, each evolved to perform specific tasks, which raises a key question: What makes...
immune systemvideo

Immune System Emerges as Partner in Opioid Cravings Fight

The same immune system that fights infection and the flu could join the battle against opioid addiction, new research out of the Vanderbilt Center for...
Cyborg Cockroach

A Cyborg Cockroach Could Someday Save Your Life

A cockroach no bigger than a large paper clip scurries across the floor of Abhishek Dutta’s lab at the University of Connecticut. Some scientists might...
skull bone marrow

Mass. General Team Discovers Channels Connecting Skull Bone Marrow to Brain...

A new study from a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) research team has made two surprising discoveries – that immune system cells responding to a...
neuropsychiatric disorders

Researchers Reveal How Gene Variant Is Linked to Chronic Pain After...

The gene FKBP5 is a critical regulator of the stress response and affects how we respond to environmental stimuli. Previous studies have shown that...
Antidepressant

Antidepressant Restores Youthful Flexibility to Aging Inhibitory Neurons

A new study provides fresh evidence that the decline in the capacity of brain cells to change (called “plasticity”), rather than a decline in...
Sleep deprivation

Sleep Deprivation Boosts Effects of Drugs and Furthers Chemical Dependence

Sleep deprivation has become a worldwide epidemic. Research conducted in the United States shows that the number of adults who slept six hours or less rose...
mental health

The Debate over How Working Memory Works

In a debate where the stakes are nothing short of understanding how the brain maintains its so-called “sketchpad of conscious thought,” researchers discuss exactly...
brain scans

Revealing Brain Scans: AI Can Predict Personality

MRI image data can reveal information on a person’s personality traits. This was shown by scientists from Forschungszentrum Jülich and the University of Düsseldorf...
Alzheimer's

Microfluidic System Incorporates Neuroinflammation into “Alzheimer’s in a Dish” Model

Building on their development of the first culture system to replicate fully the pathology behind Alzheimer’s disease, a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) research team...
Parkinson’s

A Breath Test for Early-Stage Parkinson’s

Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include tremor, loss of smell and neuropsychiatric problems. However, many people aren’t diagnosed until their disease is well-advanced, which could...
single-cell RNA sequencing

Complex Brain Circuitry Revealed Using New Single-Cell Sequencing Technology

The complexity of the human brain presents scientists with immense challenges as they try to find new treatments for a host of diseases and...
Dendritic Spines

New Software Designed for Rapid, Automated Identification of Dendritic Spines

Is it possible for microscopes to learn a bit about the brain? Even be taught by neuroscientists to reliably recognize parts of brain cells…...
Brain Tumours

Unlocking New Insight into Brain Tumours Using Neuroscience

The brain is the most complex organ in our bodies, controlling almost everything we do. Our ability to breathe, our earliest memories and deepest...
nerve cells

Direct Conversion of Non-Neuronal Cells into Nerve Cells

It was already in 2012 that a team of scientists headed by Professor Benedikt Berninger first succeeded in reprogramming connective tissue cells present in...
psychiatric disordersvideo

Rare Mutation of Gene Carried by QuéBec Family Gives Insight into...

The study of a Québec family with an unusual gene provides novel insight into how our brain is built and, according to the McGill...
cerebellum

Decoding the Brain’s Learning Machine

In studies with monkeys, Johns Hopkins researchers report that they have uncovered significant new details about how the cerebellum — the “learning machine” of...