Tuesday, December 11, 2018
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Tag: Neuroscience

olfactory gene

Study of an Olfactory Gene May Indicate Disease Mechanisms

A study performed on mice in Brazil shows a direct link between a specific gene (RIC8B) and olfactory capacity. Furthermore, this gene, which is...
Cognitive flexibility

How the Brain Switches Between Different Sets of Rules

Cognitive flexibility — the brain’s ability to switch between different rules or action plans depending on the context — is key to many of...
epilepsy treatment

Scientists Solve Century-Old Neuroscience Mystery; Answers May Lead to Epilepsy Treatment

Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have solved a 125-year-old mystery of the brain, and, in the process, uncovered a potential treatment...
Paralysisvideo

Breakthrough Neurotechnology for Treating Paralysis

Three paraplegics who sustained cervical spinal cord injuries many years ago are now able to walk with the aid of crutches or a walker...
Alzheimer’s disease

Losing Control of Gene Activity in Alzheimer’s Disease

An international research team led by scientists at the University of Exeter and the University of Essex have uncovered a link between indicators of...
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Regulating Microglial Activity May Reduce Damaging Inflammation in Neurodegenerative Diseases

A group of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators is proposing that targeting immune checkpoints – molecules that regulate the activity of the immune system...
Brain Wave Device

Brain Wave Device Enhances Memory Function

The entrainment of theta brain waves with a commercially available device not only enhances theta wave activity, but also boosts memory performance. That’s according...
sleep

Sleep Strengthens the Active Prediction of Regular Procedures

Sleep consolidates previously acquired knowledge and thereby contributes to the formation of long-term memory. In a new study, Nicolas Lutz, Ines Wolf and Stefanie Hübner...
hearing loss

Study Points to Possible New Therapy for Hearing Loss

Researchers have taken an important step toward what may become a new approach to restore hearing loss. In a new study, out today in the European...
Chronic Pain

Diabetes Drug Shows Promise for Chronic Pain

UT Dallas doctoral student Stephanie Shiers led a recent study with Dr. Sven Kroener (left) and Dr. Ted Price, both of the School of...
brain’s emotion circuitry

Brain Circuits for Successful Emotional Development Established During Infancy

Researchers in the UNC Early Brain Development Study tracking the development of the brain’s emotion circuitry in infancy found that adult-like functional brain connections...
Anesthesia

To Improve Anesthesia, Focus on Neuroscience and Nociception, Experts Urge

People sometimes mistakenly think of general anesthesia as just a really deep sleep, but in fact, anesthesia is really four brain states — unconsciousness,...
Mononuclear phagocytes

Two for the Price of One

Mononuclear phagocytes can both promote and inhibit inflammation. An LMU team has now shown that individual phagocytes in the central nervous system can play...
Brain Cells

Innovative Technique Reveals ‘Core Identities’ of Brain Cells

The human brain is made up of about 170 billion cells, each evolved to perform specific tasks, which raises a key question: What makes...
immune systemvideo

Immune System Emerges as Partner in Opioid Cravings Fight

The same immune system that fights infection and the flu could join the battle against opioid addiction, new research out of the Vanderbilt Center for...
Cyborg Cockroach

A Cyborg Cockroach Could Someday Save Your Life

A cockroach no bigger than a large paper clip scurries across the floor of Abhishek Dutta’s lab at the University of Connecticut. Some scientists might...
skull bone marrow

Mass. General Team Discovers Channels Connecting Skull Bone Marrow to Brain...

A new study from a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) research team has made two surprising discoveries – that immune system cells responding to a...
neuropsychiatric disorders

Researchers Reveal How Gene Variant Is Linked to Chronic Pain After...

The gene FKBP5 is a critical regulator of the stress response and affects how we respond to environmental stimuli. Previous studies have shown that...
Antidepressant

Antidepressant Restores Youthful Flexibility to Aging Inhibitory Neurons

A new study provides fresh evidence that the decline in the capacity of brain cells to change (called “plasticity”), rather than a decline in...
Sleep deprivation

Sleep Deprivation Boosts Effects of Drugs and Furthers Chemical Dependence

Sleep deprivation has become a worldwide epidemic. Research conducted in the United States shows that the number of adults who slept six hours or less rose...