Thursday, November 15, 2018
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Breast Cancer Treatment

Developing an “on and off” Switch for Breast Cancer Treatment

T-cells play an important role in the body’s immune system and one of their tasks is to find and destroy infection. However, T-cells struggle...
soot oxidation process

Engineers Use Tiki Torches in Study of Soot, Diesel Filters

Chemical engineers testing methods to improve efficiency of diesel engines while maintaining performance are getting help from a summer staple: Tiki torches. A team of...
stroke therapy

Notre Dame Researchers Collaborate in Discovery of Potential Stroke Therapy

Four and one-half hours. That’s the brief window of time in which a patient who has experienced an ischemic stroke may receive tissue plasminogen activator...
superconductor

Designing a Better Superconductor with Geometric Frustration

Superconductors contain tiny tornadoes of supercurrent, called vortex filaments, that create resistance when they move. This affects the way superconductors carry a current. But a...
cancer cells

Cancer Cells Thrive in Stiff Tissue

Stiffer breast tissue creates an environment more prone to cancer by enabling the disease to interfere with the surrounding healthy cells, according to a...
dengue virus

Dengue Virus Transmission Dominated by Those with Undetected Infection

People showing virtually no symptoms are likely the primary source of dengue fever, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens. Nearly 400 million people...
Beta-lactam antibiotics

Survival Strategy: How One Enzyme Helps Bacteria Recover from Exposure to...

Beta-lactam antibiotics, including penicillin, are one of the most widely used classes of antibiotics in the world. Though they’ve been in use since the...
exoskeletons

Collaboration Focuses on Restoring Dignity, Mobility Through Robotics

It can be all too easy to take the most basic human actions for granted, including the number of steps we take on any...
OxyContin

Study Links Rising Heroin Deaths to 2010 Oxycontin Reformulation

Efforts by Purdue Pharma in 2010 to make its blockbuster prescription opioid painkiller OxyContin less prone to abuse did nothing to reduce the number...
renewable energy

Researchers Developing Renewable Energy Approach for Producing Ammonia

Researchers at the University of Notre Dame are developing a renewable energy approach for synthesizing ammonia, an essential component of fertilizers that support the...
antibiotic resistance

Natural Bacterial Proteins May Prove Viable Alternatives to Antibiotics

Tiny proteins found in the genomes of some types of bacteria are effective weapons against a wide range of other bacteria, opening the door...
Magnetic Tornadoes

Physics Student Creates Computer Model to Study Magnetic Tornadoes in Superconductors

Junior Maciej Olszewski, a physics and honors mathematics major, was the lead author on a paper published in New Journal of Physics on Feb. 5. The work...
Liquid crystals

Notre Dame Researchers Develop Way to Measure and Engineer Properties of...

Liquid crystals are perhaps most well known for their use in electronic displays, but many biological molecules, such as those in cell membranes are...
Mitochondria, sensor technology, peanut allergies, ovarian cancer

Researchers Discover Novel Mechanism Linking Changes in Mitochondria to Cancer Cell...

To stop the spread of cancer, cancer cells must die. Unfortunately, many types of cancer cells seem to use innate mechanisms that block cancer...
Electrochemistry

Smallest-Scale Work in Electrochemistry Leads to Sizable Research Strides

At a few billionths of a meter, a nanopore is too tiny to see and too tiny to image easily. These miniscule cavities, when...
Mitochondria, sensor technology, peanut allergies, ovarian cancer

Researchers Use Wearables, Mobile Devices to Study Workplace Performance

Mobile devices help individuals monitor various aspects of their health and wellness, from heart rate to nutrition to sleep. Now researchers hope to find...
Mosquito bites

Researchers Isolate Biting, Non-Biting Genes in Pitcher Plant Mosquitoes

Mosquito bites can be an itchy nuisance but they can also be deadly. Diseases such as malaria, Dengue fever and West Nile virus can...
Mental Disorders

Psychologist Examines Methods of Classifying Mental Disorders

Mental illnesses, such as major depression, bipolar disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder, affect nearly 1 in 5 adults in the United States, according to...
mycobacteria

New Study Finds Mycobacteria Can Sense Presence of Proteins That Cause...

Tuberculosis-causing mycobacteria use a select group of proteins known as virulence factors to transmit the disease, which infects roughly one third of the world’s...
ecosystem

Researchers to Study the Impact of Toxic Properties on the Environment

Although the United States had its industrial revolution in the 1800s, other countries are now experiencing their manufacturing boom in the 21st century. This...