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Palmyra Atoll

Study Finds 50 Times More Native Trees on Rat-Free Palmyra Atoll

Researchers have documented dramatic positive benefits for native trees after the removal of invasive rats from Palmyra Atoll, a natural research laboratory and preserve...
plant life diversity

Campo Rupestre, Brazil’s Montane Savanna, Is a Hotspot of Plant Life...

In Serra do Espinhaço, a Brazilian mountain range that extends from Minas Gerais State in the Southeast to Bahia State in the Northeast, it...
antibiotic resistant infections

UBC Researchers Create Matchmaking Service to Combat Antibiotic Resistant Infections

UBC researchers have matched small proteins, called peptides, with antibiotics so they can work together to combat hard-to-treat infections that don’t respond well to...
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BCG Vaccine Leads to Long-Term Improvement in Blood Sugar Levels in...

Long-term follow-up of participants in clinical trials of a generic vaccine to reverse advanced type 1 diabetes finds significant clinical benefits, including restoration of...
cold climates

Gene May Have Helped Humans Adapt to Cold Climates

A gene variant common in Europeans may have proliferated because it helped early humans adapt to cold weather, according to UCL research. For the study,...
hair loss

Fringe Benefits: Drug Side Effects Could Treat Human Hair Loss

A new drug could ease the distress of men and women who suffer from baldness, according to researchers from The University of Manchester’s Centre for...
dengue virus

Dengue Virus Transmission Dominated by Those with Undetected Infection

People showing virtually no symptoms are likely the primary source of dengue fever, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens. Nearly 400 million people...
Radiation Dose

Scientists Calculate Radiation Dose in Bone from Victim of Hiroshima Bombing

The bombing of the Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States in 1945 was the first and only use of nuclear weapons...
cancer research

Man vs. Machine?

The ‘deep learning’ computers in Anant Madabhushi’s diagnostic imaging lab at Case Western Reserve University routinely defeat their human counterparts in diagnosing heart failure,...
Male Contraceptive

Male Contraceptive Compound Stops Sperm Without Affecting Hormones

A new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE details how a compound called EP055 binds to sperm proteins to significantly slow the overall motility...
opioid abuse

Vaccines to Treat Opioid Abuse and Prevent Fatal Overdoses

Heroin and prescription opioid abuse and fatal overdoses are a public health emergency in the United States. Vaccines offer a potential new strategy to...
Blood Thinners

New Blood Thinners May Shorten Patients’ Hospital Stays

The use of newer blood-thinners for patients at risk of stroke may lead to two fewer days in the hospital for those who experience...
mosquito-borne disease

Climate Change Heightens Risk of Mosquito-Borne Disease Outbreaks

Rising global average temperatures due mainly to greenhouse gas emissions will contribute to increases in the distribution areas of four mosquito-borne viruses: Oropouche (OROV),...
sea star wasting syndrome

Marine Researchers Say Recent Sea Star Wasting Disease Epidemic Defies Prediction

Beginning in 2013, a mysterious disease crippled sea star populations up and down the U.S. west coast. Over a matter of months, many sea...
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Predicting the Impact of Global Warming on Disease Proliferation

Scientists have devised a method for predicting how rising global temperatures are likely to affect the severity of diseases mediated by parasites. Their method...
Tick-Borne Disease

Study Suggests Expanded Range for Emerging Tick-Borne Disease

Human cases of Borrelia miyamotoi, a tick-borne infection with some similarities to Lyme disease, were discovered in the eastern United States less than a decade...
hepatitis C

Compounds Isolated from Rattlesnake Venom Show Activity Against Hepatitis C Virus

Hepatitis C is the main cause of cirrhosis and hence of liver transplants in Brazil, according to the Ministry of Health. Some 50% of...
Bed Bug

Bed Bug Histamines Are Substantial, Persistent in Infested Homes

New research findings could turn perceptions of the already despised bed bug from nuisance pest into medically important threat. A study from North Carolina...
dementiavideo

Dementia Care Improved by Just One Hour of Social Interaction Each...

A large-scale trial led by the University of Exeter, King’s College London and Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust found that the approach also saves money. Previous...
embryonic development

Research Uncovers Gene Network That Regulates Motor Neuron Formation During Embryonic...

Researchers from the Francis Crick Institute and UCLA, USA, have uncovered the inner workings of a gene network that regulates the development of spinal...