Monday, October 22, 2018
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vacuum sensor

A New Way to Measure Nearly Nothing

Many semiconductor fabricators and research labs are under increasing pressure from, of all things, vacuum. These facilities need to remove greater amounts of gas...

New Path to More Gentle Tuberculosis Treatment

Researchers at CEITEC MU have defined a new goal for those looking for new ways to fight tuberculosis. Their research makes it possible to attempt...
Optogenetics

Mutations, Drugs Drive Cancer by Blurring Growth Signals

Genetic mutations in a form of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may drive tumor formation by blurring cells’ perception of key growth signals, according...
skin diseases

Mutations in This Molecule May Have Helped Mammoths Tolerate the Cold

Columbia University biomedical researchers have captured close-up views of TRPV3, a skin-cell ion channel that plays important roles in sensing temperature, itch, and pain. Why...
Quantum Simulation

Quantum Simulation Reveals Mobility Edge in a Low-Dimensional Disordered Landscape

A recent flood of research scholarship on electronic transport in low-dimensional (2D or 1D) materials like graphene or carbon nanotubes reflects the tremendous potential...
bacterial DNA

Researchers Target Protein That Protects Bacteria’s DNA ‘Recipes’

Bacteria cause many serious illnesses, from food poisoning to pneumonia. The challenge for scientists is that disease-causing bacteria are extraordinarily resilient. For example, when...
colon cancer

Broccoli, Cabbage and Kale May Protect Against Colon Cancer

The early-stage mouse study, from scientists at the Francis Crick Institute and Imperial College London, is published in the journal Immunity. This suggests that even without genetic risk factors,...
Foam fracturing

Foam Could Offer Greener Option for Petroleum Drillers

Now, Princeton researchers led by Howard Stone, the Donald R. Dixon ’69 and Elizabeth W. Dixon Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, have experimentally tested a...
brain scans

Revealing Brain Scans: AI Can Predict Personality

MRI image data can reveal information on a person’s personality traits. This was shown by scientists from Forschungszentrum Jülich and the University of Düsseldorf...
foot and mouth disease

Real-Time Foot-And-Mouth Strategy to Better Fight Disease

New real-time strategy for future foot-and-mouth outbreaks finds that focusing on surveillance and vaccination is most effective method to quickly fight spread of the virus ...
depression and sleep problems

Neural Link Between Depression and Bad Sleep Identified

Brain regions associated with short-term memory, self and negative emotions are strongly connected in depression sufferers and may lead to bad sleep quality ...
metallic hydrogen

Researchers Unravel More Mysteries of Metallic Hydrogen

Metallic hydrogen is one of the rarest materials on Earth, yet more than 80 percent of planets—including Jupiter, Saturn, and hundreds of extrasolar planets—are...
enhancers

Imaging in Living Cells Reveals How ‘Junk DNA’ Switches on a...

These pieces of DNA are part of over 90 percent of the genetic material that are not genes. Researchers now know that this “junk...
autism

Autism Risk Determined by Health of Mom’s Gut

The risk of developing autism-spectrum disorders is determined by the mother’s microbiome – the collection of microorganisms that naturally live inside us – during...
quantum computers

Microscopic Trampoline May Help Create Networks of Quantum Computers

Take a bounce: A microscopic trampoline could help engineers to overcome a major hurdle for quantum computers, researchers from CU Boulder and the National...
electron camera

SLAC’s Ultra-High-Speed ‘Electron Camera’ Catches Molecules at a Crossroads

An extremely fast “electron camera” at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has produced the most detailed atomic movie of the decisive...
smarter cars

Smarter Cars = Smarter Cities

Realizing the importance of transportation in the development of smart cities, students and faculty in Carnegie Mellon University’s Heinz College of Information Systems and Public...
local-conductivity atomic force microscopy

Conductive or Not – Nano-Switches for Computers of the Future Are...

A team of German and Polish scientists has for the first time mapped the conductivity of metal oxide surfaces at atomic resolution at Forschungszentrum...
DNA repair

Scientists Find the Secret to DNA Repair

The cell has its own paramedic team and emergency room to aid and repair damaged DNA, a new USC study reveals. The findings are timely,...
antibiotics

Soil Prospecting Yields Wealth of Potential Antibiotics

Soil, the source of our best antibiotics, can be more thoroughly mined for new drugs and other useful chemicals with the help of metagenomics,...