Wednesday, December 12, 2018
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microelectromechanical systems, photonic chips, Semiconductor, Fingerprinting

NIST Study Resolves Fine Details of How Microscopic Machines Can Fail...

How long can tiny gears and other microscopic moving parts last before they wear out? What are the warning signs that these components are...
quantum communication networks

An Important Step Towards Completely Secure Quantum Communication Networks

The quest for a secure information network is on. Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have recently succeeded in boosting the...
microelectromechanical systems, photonic chips, Semiconductor, Fingerprinting

New Device Widens Light Beams by 400 Times, Broadening Possibilities in...

By using light waves instead of electric current to transmit data, photonic chips—circuits for light—have advanced fundamental research in many areas from timekeeping to...
metric system

For All Times, For All Peoples: How Replacing the Kilogram Empowers...

Two unusual things happened on Nov. 16, 2018. Fifty-five nations from every continent (except Antarctica) agreed on something, and metrology, the science of measurement,...
Brain Tumors

Cognitive Decline After Radiation Therapy for Brain Tumors Might Be Prevented...

Treating brain tumors comes at a steep cost, especially for children. More than half of patients who endure radiation therapy for these tumors experience...
cancer cells

‘Orphan’ RNAs Make Cancer Deadlier, But Potentially Easier to Diagnose

Scientists have long known that cancer can hijack a cell’s existing regulatory circuitry and transform healthy cells into deadly malignancies. But a new discovery...
bats manoeuvrevideo

Unique Study Shows How Bats Manoeuvre

For the first time, researchers have succeeded in directly measuring the aerodynamics of flying animals as they manoeuvre in the air. Previously, the upstroke...
Antarctic ice

Cause of Long, Potentially Damaging Channels on Antarctic Ice Shelves Found

Glaciers in Antarctica are remote and difficult to study, which means much about their behaviour is unknown. These knowledge gaps mean scientists cannot be...
Immunotherapy

Scientific Breakthrough: Promising New Target for Immunotherapy

Following the 2018 Nobel Prize for Medicine, global attention is now more than ever turned toward the promise of immunotherapy in oncology. An international...
acid antibiotic

Researchers Wake-Up DNA from Soil Bacteria to Discover Novel Acid Antibiotic

· A large DNA fragment from a soil bacterium was captured and engineered to be awoken · The researchers then used to trigger production of...
vacuum sensor

A New Way to Measure Nearly Nothing

Many semiconductor fabricators and research labs are under increasing pressure from, of all things, vacuum. These facilities need to remove greater amounts of gas...

New Path to More Gentle Tuberculosis Treatment

Researchers at CEITEC MU have defined a new goal for those looking for new ways to fight tuberculosis. Their research makes it possible to attempt...
Optogenetics

Mutations, Drugs Drive Cancer by Blurring Growth Signals

Genetic mutations in a form of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may drive tumor formation by blurring cells’ perception of key growth signals, according...
skin diseases

Mutations in This Molecule May Have Helped Mammoths Tolerate the Cold

Columbia University biomedical researchers have captured close-up views of TRPV3, a skin-cell ion channel that plays important roles in sensing temperature, itch, and pain. Why...
Quantum Simulation

Quantum Simulation Reveals Mobility Edge in a Low-Dimensional Disordered Landscape

A recent flood of research scholarship on electronic transport in low-dimensional (2D or 1D) materials like graphene or carbon nanotubes reflects the tremendous potential...
bacterial DNA

Researchers Target Protein That Protects Bacteria’s DNA ‘Recipes’

Bacteria cause many serious illnesses, from food poisoning to pneumonia. The challenge for scientists is that disease-causing bacteria are extraordinarily resilient. For example, when...
colon cancer

Broccoli, Cabbage and Kale May Protect Against Colon Cancer

The early-stage mouse study, from scientists at the Francis Crick Institute and Imperial College London, is published in the journal Immunity. This suggests that even without genetic risk factors,...
Foam fracturing

Foam Could Offer Greener Option for Petroleum Drillers

Now, Princeton researchers led by Howard Stone, the Donald R. Dixon ’69 and Elizabeth W. Dixon Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, have experimentally tested a...
brain scans

Revealing Brain Scans: AI Can Predict Personality

MRI image data can reveal information on a person’s personality traits. This was shown by scientists from Forschungszentrum Jülich and the University of Düsseldorf...
foot and mouth disease

Real-Time Foot-And-Mouth Strategy to Better Fight Disease

New real-time strategy for future foot-and-mouth outbreaks finds that focusing on surveillance and vaccination is most effective method to quickly fight spread of the virus ...