Sunday, December 16, 2018
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white-nose syndrome

Study Reveals Importance of ‘Cryptic Connections’ in Disease Transmission

A new study of disease transmission in bats has broad implications for understanding the hidden connections that can spread diseases between species and lead...
coral reef fish

Escape Responses of Coral Reef Fish Obey Simple Behavioral Rules

The escape response to evade perceived threats is a fundamental behavior seen throughout the animal kingdom, and laboratory studies have identified specialized neural circuits...
inflammation

Long Noncoding RNA Identified as a Key Regulator of Inflammation

Scientists have identified an RNA molecule with broad powers to regulate the body's inflammatory response to infection and injury. Called lincRNA-Cox2, it belongs to...
Phthalates

UCSC Chemists Develop Safe Alternatives to Phthalates Used in Plastics

Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have developed safer alternatives to the phthalate plasticizers used to enhance the suppleness, flexibility, and longevity of plastics. The problem...
Epigenetic Memory

Study Documents Paternal Transmission of Epigenetic Memory via Sperm

Studies of human populations and animal models suggest that a father's experiences such as diet or environmental stress can influence the health and development...
Supercapacitor Electrode

3D-Printed Supercapacitor Electrode Breaks Records in Lab Tests

Scientists at UC Santa Cruz and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) have reported unprecedented performance results for a supercapacitor electrode. The researchers fabricated electrodes...
chromosomes monitor

Molecular Guardians Monitor Chromosomes During Cell Division

One of the worst things that can happen to a cell is to end up with the wrong number of chromosomes. This can happen...
Sea Otters

Decisive Sea Otters Distinguish Differences by Touch

Studying the hunting tactics of sea otters is difficult because wild otters stop seeking food when human divers are near. Suspecting that sea otters...
lizards

Adaptable Lizards Illustrate Key Evolutionary Process Proposed a Century Ago

Side-blotched lizards in most of the Mojave Desert have tan and brown markings that blend in well with their desert surroundings. On the Pisgah...
Injection Wells

Injection Wells Can Induce Earthquakes Miles Away from the Well

A study of earthquakes induced by injecting fluids deep underground has revealed surprising patterns, suggesting that current recommendations for hydraulic fracturing, wastewater disposal, and...
Moral decision making

Moral Decision Making Is Rife with Internal Conflict

A new in-depth study of moral reasoning challenges the popular notion that people are unable to think through difficult moral problems and rely primarily...
Natural habitat

Natural Habitat Can Help Farmers Control Pests, but Not Always a...

Songbirds and coffee farms in Central America. Ladybugs and soybean fields in the Midwest. These are well-known, win-win stories of how conserving natural habitat...
groundwatervideo

Groundwater Recharge Project Informs Statewide Sustainability Efforts

The depletion of California's aquifers by overpumping of groundwater has led to growing interest in "managed aquifer recharge," which replenishes depleted aquifers using available...
ecosystems

New Meta-Analysis Reveals Pace and Extent of River Recovery

Conservation biologists are challenged to predict the pace and extent of river recovery following disturbances such as oil spills, wastewater contamination, and fires. A...
Palmyra Atoll

Study Finds 50 Times More Native Trees on Rat-Free Palmyra Atoll

Researchers have documented dramatic positive benefits for native trees after the removal of invasive rats from Palmyra Atoll, a natural research laboratory and preserve...
tropical diseases

Basic Research in Fruit Flies Leads to Potential Drug for Diseases...

River blindness and elephantiasis are debilitating diseases caused by parasitic worms that infect as many as 150 million people worldwide. They are among the...
autism

Important New Work on Autism Could Change Interventions

A new paper is pushing back hard on the notion that people with autism are not interested in socializing. The paper, “Being vs. Appearing Socially Uninterested: Challenging Assumptions...
Electrogeochemistry

‘Electrogeochemistry’ Captures Carbon, Produces Fuel, Offsets Ocean Acidification

Limiting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius will require not only reducing emissions of carbon dioxide, but also active removal of carbon dioxide from...
coral reefs

Without Coral Reefs, Annual Flood Damages from Storms Could Double Globally

Coastal development and climate change are increasing the risk of flooding for communities across the globe. Coral reefs, which provide a first line of...
retina

Selective Neural Connections Can Be Reestablished in Retina After Injury

The brain's ability to form new neural connections, called neuroplasticity, is crucial to recovery from some types of brain injury, but this process is...