Thursday, April 26, 2018
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Topological Defect Detection Method

ITMO Scientists Develop Topological Defect Detection Method

An international scientific team has developed a new method of probing topological structures and their topological phase transitions. The method is based on examining...
obesity

Early Puberty Linked with Increased Risk of Obesity for Women

The researchers say their findings, published today in the International Journal of Obesity, strengthen existing evidence of a link between the onset of puberty and...
Nanoantennas

Researchers From ITMO Create First-Ever Light-Emitting Nanoantennas

Young scientists from ITMO University have developed a new type of nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskites. The nanosources are subwavelength nanoparticles which...
HIV detection

Quick HIV Detection Method Could Diagnose Early Disease

The test in question could also be adapted to be used in other infectious diseases such as Ebola and Zika. In recent years, diseases such...
crops

Root Discovery May Lead to Crops That Need Less Fertilizer

Bean plants that suppress secondary root growth in favor of boosting primary root growth forage greater soil volume to acquire phosphorus, according to Penn...
nitrogen

New Process Could Slash Energy Demands of Fertilizer, Nitrogen-Based Chemicals

Manufacturers currently make fertilizer, pharmaceuticals and other industrial chemicals by pulling nitrogen from the air and combining it with hydrogen. Nitrogen gas is plentiful,...
Cell Diseasevideo

A Shortcut to Modeling Sickle Cell Disease

Research team’s multiscale scheme captures blood disorder’s key molecular details Each year, 500,000 babies are born with a genetic disorder called sickle cell disease, a...
thermoelectric devices

Turning Heat into Electricity

What if you could run your air conditioner not on conventional electricity, but on the sun’s heat during a warm summer’s day? With advancements...
magnetic resonance imaging

A Parallel MRI Method Accelerating Imaging Time Proposed

KAIST researchers proposed new technology that reduces MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) acquisition time to less than a sixth of the conventional method. They made...
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A Catalyst for Change in Chemical Etching

Metal-assisted chemical etching, or ‘MacEtch’, is used to fabricate a range of nanostructures, but damaging movements of the catalyst during vertical etching processes hamper its wider...
canola oil

Maintaining Canola Oil Quality

Canola and other edible oils are easily affected by light irradiation or heat treatment. Since such processes deteriorate the oil quality such as flavor...
brain circuits

New Method to Map Miniature Brain Circuits

In a feat of nanoengineering, scientists have developed a new technique to map electrical circuits in the brain far more comprehensively than ever before. In...
photonic crystals

New Exotic Phenomena Seen in Photonic Crystals

Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics...

Researchers Map Genetic ‘Switches’ Behind Human Brain Evolution

Findings UCLA researchers have developed the first map of gene regulation in human neurogenesis, the process by which neural stem cells turn into brain cells...
3D printing

3D Printing Creates Super-Soft Structures That Replicate Brain and Lungs

Imperial College London researchers have developed a new method for creating 3D structures using cryogenics (freezing) and 3D printing techniques. This builds on previous research...
heart disease

Pioneering New Technique Could Boost Understanding of Causes of Heart Disease

Researchers from the Universities of Exeter, Leeds and Cambridge have harnessed an innovative new method to gain a greater understanding of signalling stations within...
human musclevideo

Engineers Grow Functioning Human Muscle from Skin Cells

Biomedical engineers have grown the first functioning human skeletal muscle from induced pluripotent stem cells. The advance builds on work published in 2015 when researchers...
medical scanning

Researchers Unlocking Potential for Next-Generation Medical Scanning

While still in the early stages, research reported today in the journal Science Advances has made significant steps towards a new MRI method with the potential...
graphene sensorvideo

Manchester Scientists Develop Graphene Sensors That Could Revolutionise the Internet of...

Researchers at The University of Manchester have devised graphene sensors embedded into RFIDs, which have the potential to revolutionise the Internet of Things (IoT). By...
carbon nanotube

Optimizing Carbon Nanotube Electrodes

Using electrodes made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can significantly improve the performance of devices ranging from capacitors and batteries to water desalination systems. But...