Saturday, April 21, 2018
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immune system

Your Immune System Holds the Line Against Repeat Invaders, Thanks to...

Memory T cells are a critical element of our immune system’s historical archive. To prevent repeat infections, these cells retain a record of germs...
protein

Protein Moonlighting

In 2013, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to three scientists for their contributions to uncovering the mechanisms governing vesicle transport...
cancer

Findings Flip Scientists’ Understanding of Key Growth Switch Involved in Cancer

Many cancers start with the flip of a switch. For example, the most common mutation in human cancers affects a small signaling protein called...
superconducting magnets

A Magnetic Moment

Already magnetic resonance imaging saves lives. Yet the world’s most advanced form of spectroscopy has yet to reach its full potential in nonmedical scientific...
superconducting camera

Hello DARKNESS

Somewhere in the vastness of the universe another habitable planet likely exists. And it may not be that far — astronomically speaking — from...
Cardiovascular Risk

Smoking Cessation Therapies Do Not Raise Cardiovascular Risk

Despite the proven efficacy of smoking cessation medications, some doctors hesitate to prescribe them because of suspected side effects such as heart attack and...
dark matter axionvideo

Start of Most Sensitive Search yet for Dark Matter Axion

Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at UC Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of...
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

UCSF Researcher Identifies Risk Genes for ALS

The largest analysis to date of genetic data in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) – the muscle-crippling neurodegenerative disease that afflicted the late astrophysicist Stephen...
STEM

Innovation Nation

China’s President Xi Jinping has repeatedly stated his aim of transforming the country into a “science and technology superpower.” But when it comes to...
vision loss

Treating Vision Loss

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affects more than 1.75 million individuals in the United States. Because the population is aging, that number will increase to almost 3...
Coral Restoration

Facilitating Coral Restoration

Global declines of coral reefs — particularly in the Caribbean — have spurred efforts to grow corals in underwater nurseries and transplant them to...
Volcanic Eruptions

Detecting Volcanic Eruptions

To borrow from a philosophical thought experiment: If a volcano erupts in a remote part of the world and no one hears it, does...
molecular staple

Memory-Enhancing Drug Acts as Molecular ‘Staple’

New research utilizing UC San Francisco’s cutting-edge cryo-electron microscopy facility has revealed atomic-scale details about the workings of an experimental drug that boosts learning...
Blood Thinners

New Blood Thinners May Shorten Patients’ Hospital Stays

The use of newer blood-thinners for patients at risk of stroke may lead to two fewer days in the hospital for those who experience...
quantum computers

Are We Quantum Computers?

Much has been made of quantum computing processes using ultracold atoms and ions, superconducting junctions and defects in diamonds, but could we be performing...
Meningiomas

Aggressive Growth of Common Brain Tumors Linked to Single Gene

ublished online March 27, 2018, in Cell Reports, a team led by UCSF’s David Raleigh, MD, PhD, found that increased activity of a gene known as FOXM1 appears...
sea urchins

Rapid Adaptation

This story begins in the kelp forest and ends with a very important climate change message: All is not lost — at least not...
Bone Disease

Once-Mysterious ‘Atacama Skeleton’ Illuminates Genetics of Bone Disease

The skeleton, discovered in a leather pouch behind an abandoned church, was pristine: a tiny figure, just six inches long, with a cone-shaped head,...
Gene Mutation

Scientists Discover How Gene Mutation Reduces the Need for Sleep

It’s every over-achiever’s dream: a gene mutation that allows them to function normally with just four to six hours of sleep a night instead...
Parkinson’s

Low Levels of Vitamin B12 May Worsen Walking, Cognition in Parkinson’s...

A study of patients with early Parkinson’s disease found that groups with lower levels of vitamin B12 faced on average a more rapid acceleration...