Yet as large as these databases are, they contain just a fraction of the information and knowledge needed to rapidly discover or design new materials that can have a transformative impact on advancing technologies that solve pressing social and economic problems.
Part of this obstacle is that databases lack the ability to collect and interpret visual data such as graphs and images from countless scientific studies, handbooks and other publications. This limitation creates a bottleneck that often slows the materials discovery process to a crawl.
That will soon change.
The University at Buffalo has received a $2.9 million National Science Foundation (NSF) grant to transform the traditional role of a database as a repository for information into an automated computer laboratory that rapidly collects, interprets and learns from massive amounts of information.
The lab, which also will conduct large-scale materials modeling and simulations based upon untapped troves of visual data, will be accessible to the scientific community and ultimately speed up and reduce the cost of discovering, manufacturing and commercializing new materials — goals of the White House’s Materials Genome Initiative.
“This pioneering and multidisciplinary approach to advanced materials research will provide the scientific community with tools it needs to accelerate the pace of discovery, leading to greater economic security and a wide range of societal benefits,” said Venu Govindaraju, PhD, UB’s vice president for research and economic development.
Govindaraju, SUNY Distinguished Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, is the grant’s principal investigator. Co-principal investigators, all from UB, are: Krishna Rajan, ScD, Erich Bloch Endowed Chair of the Department of Materials Design and Innovation (MDI); Thomas Furlani, PhD, director of the Center for Computational Research; Srirangaraj “Ranga” Setlur, principal research scientist; and Scott Broderick, PhD, research assistant professor in MDI.
The award, from NSF’s Data Infrastructure Building Blocks (DIBBS) program, draws upon UB’s expertise in artificial intelligence, specifically its groundbreaking work that began in the 1980s to enable machines to read human handwriting. The work has saved postal organizations billions of dollars in the U.S. and worldwide.
UB will use the DIBBS grant to create what it’s calling the Materials Data Engineering Laboratory at UB (MaDE @UB). The lab will introduce the tools of machine intelligence — such as machine learning, pattern recognition, materials informatics and modeling, high-performance computing and other cutting-edge technologies — to transform data libraries into a laboratory that not only stores and searches for information but also predicts and processes information to discover materials that transform how society addresses climate change, national security and other pressing issues.
“Essentially, we’re creating a system — a smart robot — with cognitive skills for scientific interpretation of text, graphs and images, ” said Rajan of MDI, a collaboration between UB’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and the College of Arts and Sciences launched in 2014 to apply information science methods to advanced materials research.
He added: “This machine intelligence driven approach will open a new trajectory of data-intensive materials science research impacting both computational and experimental studies.”
These efforts include UB’s New York State Center of Excellence in Materials Informatics (CMI), the UB Community of Excellence in Sustainable Manufacturing and Advanced Robotic Technologies (SMART), partnering with Buffalo Manufacturing Works (BMW) and the Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation Institute (DMDII) and other endeavors.